Rvolutionary Ferment of the English Civil War

The period of the civil war affected the various nations of Britain and Ireland; it was one in which positions polarised as different classes came to the fore.

Initially the large land owning aristocracy, conservative with links to the monarchy fought the big trading bourgeoisie and sections of the aristocracy and big landowners linked to them then the minor gentry, yeomen, free-trade bourgeoisie, who were supported by the smaller peasants and artisans took the leading role as the New Model Army was created in the heat of battle and Cromwell took control.

The struggle before and after the end of hostilities, became between the bourgeoisie/gentry and artisans/peasants. It took the form of the army agitators, Levellers, Putney debates, the Agreement of the People and finally Burford.The Agreement contains rights that have taken centuries to secure. Some that make sense to workers still have not been obtained. In reality a parliament that speaks for the majority of the people has not been won yet.If we read the Covenant and see through the religious rhetoric, then we see demands: democracy, education, freedom of thought; but with strict boundaries. (If we let a thousand flowers bloom; we don’t want rank weeds.)The Agreement is framed in secular language of the struggle of classes. After Burford and especially after the restoration, thought about and practice of struggle was framed in religious terms – ranting quakerism gave way to quietism of later dissenters.

 

The Solemn League and Covenant 1643

http://www.constitution.org/eng/conpur058.htm

Agreement of the people 1649

http://www.constitution.org/eng/agreepeo.htm

Background

Read AL Morton’s A People’s History of England. Chapter VIII, Sections 3 Regicide and 4 Levellers

Questions

  • What are the main rights given/demands made by the Agreement/Covenant? When were they introduced them which are still outstanding?
  • What differences are there between the Agreement and Covenant? What principles of the Agreement/Covenant are in common with the Bill of Rights?
  • Which of these principles would workers need in their constitution?

 

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Liberals & many on the 'left' exaggerate differences between Trump & Biden; click to see what would make a real difference.
There is no effective “freedom” in a society in which working people live in poverty & billionaires live like parasites.
https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=10221826359541925&id=1045558919&sfnsn=scwspmo

Biden opposed moves to rebuild Afghanistan, advising a policy of fighting terrorism in the country. He also opposed withdrawal of US troops, which Trump carried out.
https://tolonews.com/afghanistan/biden’s-comments-rile-afghans-internationals

Arfasprout@arfasprout

@theworkerorguk Which international conflicts has biden spoken more violently than trump on? Evidence please.

Biden's regime will hold on to enclaves in the North East and work alongside Turkish invaders, continuing sanctions against the Syrian government. In general, Biden wants US global leadership, which he sees as being diminished by Trump's inconsistencies.
https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/menasource/limited-and-constrained-the-biden-administration-and-the-prospects-of-a-syria-policy/

Arfasprout@arfasprout

@theworkerorguk Which international conflicts has biden spoken more violently than trump on? Evidence please.

Biden intends to have tighter sanctions on DPRK, and to have stricter preconditions with respect to engaging on talks. The Democrat's president also intends to strengthen an alliance against North Korea. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-biden-northkorea-analysi/biden-on-north-korea-fewer-summits-tighter-sanctions-same-standoff-idUSKBN25G2QO

Arfasprout@arfasprout

@theworkerorguk Which international conflicts has biden spoken more violently than trump on? Evidence please.

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